Blitzkrieg was a military maneuver used by the German forces. When translated it literally means ‘Lightning war’.
The tactic was a fast and surprising attack first used by the German forces during World War II, in which a massive amount of soldiers and tanks were used simultaneously in order to break the enemy’s defenses.
The use of said strategy would create havoc when the enemy troops would try to compensate for the division in their lines.
Blitzkrieg was highly successful because of a lack of preparation from the opposing forces. The father of Blitzkrieg is considered to be Heinz Guderian, who curiously enough got the idea from a British and French officer who had written it down in his journal but never fully developed it.
Although the word is in German it was not coined by the third Reich but actually by an English publication in the TIMES.
The important factor about this tactic, is the effect that it had on the enemy was highly psychological. They felt as if they were being attacked from all angles, as speed was of the essence. To make it simpler, imagine how you’d feel if you were standing in the middle of an intersection and you see cars coming from the back, front and sides and they’re all driving towards you… panic falls short to describe the sensation.
This maneuver was highly successful throughout the war, but it was especially so during Operation Barbarossa where, although victory was not reached, the Soviets received huge casualties.